II/214A Combined General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Kholopov+ 1998)
The Combined General Catalogue of Variable Stars, 4.1 Edition. General Catalogue of Variable Stars 4th Edition, Volumes I-III, Kholopov P.N., Samus N.N., Frolov M.S., Goranskij V.P., Gorynya N.A., Karitskaya E.A., Kazarovets E.V., Kireeva N.N., Kukarkina N.P., Kurochkin N.E., Medvedeva G.I., Pastukhova E.N., Perova N.B., Rastorguev A.S., Shugarov S.Yu.
General Catalogue of Variable Stars Volume IV, 4th ed. The cross-identification tables. Kholopov P.N., Samus N.N., Durlevich O.V., Kazarovets E.V., Kireeva N.N., Tsvetkova T.M. <Institute of Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences and Sternberg State Astronomical Institute of the Moscow State University, Nauka, Moscow, (1990)> General Catalogue of Variable Stars, 4rd ed., vol.V. Extragalactic Variable Stars Artiukhina N.M., Durlevich O.V., Frolov M.S., Goranskij V.P., Gorynya N.A., Karitskaya E.A., Kazarovets E.V., Kholopov P.N., Kireeva N.N., Kurochkin N.E., Lipunova N.A., Medvedeva G.I., Pastukhova E.N., Samus N.N., Tsvetkova T.M. <"Kosmosinform", Moscow, (1995)> New Catalogue of Suspected Variable Stars, Kukarkin B.V., Kholopov P.N., Artiukhina N.M., Fedorovich V.P., Frolov M.S., Goranskij V.P., Gorynya N.A., Karitskaya E.A., Kireeva N.N., Kukarkina N.P., Kurochkin N.E., Medvedeva G.I., Perova N.B., Ponomareva G.A., Samus N.N., Shugarov S.Yu.
ADC_Keywords: Stars, variable; Combined data; Supernovae Description: The GCVS is the only reference source on all known variable stars. This version contains all of the electronically-readable version as distributed by the Sternberg Astronomical Institute and Institute of Astronomy (Russian Acad.Sci.), Moscow. It includes the catalog of variable stars, updated and completed with the seven Name-Lists of Variables Stars Nos.67-73 (see IBVS No.2681,1985; No.3058,1987; No.3323,1989; No.3530,1990; No.3840,1993; No.4140,1995; No.4471,1997), a catalog of suspected variables, a cross-index of variable star names, a catalog of extragalactic variables, and a catalog of supernovae. Introduction: The present improved electronic version of the GCVS4 Volumes I-V, combined with Name-Lists of Variable Stars Nos.67-73, are also available from Sternberg Institute via anonymous ftp to ftp.sai.msu.su, /pub/groups/cluster/gcvs... and via http://www.sai.msu.su/groups/cluster/gcvs/ . The information at this site is regularly updated (corrections of detected mistakes, improvements of identifications and coordinates, etc.). gcvs.dat is the combined computer-readable version of the GCVS4 Vols. I-III (Kholopov et al. 1985-1988) and Name-Lists of Variable Stars Nos.67-73 (1985IBVS.2681....1K, 1987IBVS.3058....1K, 1989IBVS.3323....1K, 1990IBVS.3530....1K, 1993IBVS.3840....1K, 1995IBVS.4140....1K and 1997IBVS.4471....1K) published in the system introduced during the preparation of the 4th GCVS edition. The total number of designated variable stars has now reached 31918; of them, 3506 stars enter the Name-Lists Nos.67-73. Errors detected in the printed Volumes I-III and in the Name-Lists were corrected; the file includes also improved equatorial positions for some variable stars. crossid.dat contains all variables, including extragalactic variables, stars from the Name-Lists, and stars suspected of variability since the compilation of the NSV catalog, ordered by right ascension (B1950). The authors tried to provide as complete lists as possible for the stars identified with the catalogues HD, BD, CoD, CPD, BS, ADS and for the stars with preliminary HV (Harvard Variable) designations. As for the other catalogues, their task here was more difficult since they had to rely upon references to source catalogue names made by variable star researchers; the tables in the present volume reproduce the materials used in their work, and incompleteness seems to be unavoidable. Starting with Name-List No.71, the identifications became more reliable and complete thanks to special effort of the compilers. The final, fifth volume contains data for variables in external galaxies (including the Magellanic Clouds) and for extragalactic supernovae (see evs*.dat and sn*.dat). All variables in the present data set are arranged in the order of their names inside constellations. For Name-list stars, the information follows the format of the Name-Lists, that is, it includes only coordinates, the variability type, the range of brightness variations, and references. The file nsv.dat is a compilation of 14811 stars suspected of variability and not finally designated as variables prior to 1980. It is the successor to the "Catalogues of Stars Suspected of Variability" published in 1951 and 1965 (Kukarkin et al.). Data contained in the present catalog include positions, magnitudes, variability types, alternate designations, and references to the literature. The computer version of NSV contains principally the same data as in the printed catalog, but only the data table without the textual material (bibliography, remarks) is included. Necessary corrections were introduced, as of June, 1997, and coordinates were improved, compared to the printed version, for about half of the stars in the catalog. The Sternberg Institute has started preparation of an electronic release GCVS 4.2 which will contain improved light elements, classifications etc. along with sufficiently accurate positional information. The first approach to this project has resulted in improved equatorial positions (B1950, J2000) for variable stars in the constellations of Andromeda, Antlia and Apus including the stars from the GCVS proper plus the stars from the subsequent Name-lists, with a new standard of positional accuracy, to 1 second of arc (IAU Inform. Bull. Var. Stars, in preparation). These positions have been incorporated in the present data set. File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file gcvs.dat 170 31991 Combined GCVS (vols I-III and name lists) crossid.dat 36 98642 *The Cross-Identifications of Variable Stars evs_cat.dat 154 10979 Extragalactic Variable Stars. Catalogue evs_rem.dat 82 1926 Extragalactic Variable Stars. Remarks evs_ref.dat 80 667 Extragalactic Variable Stars. References sn_cat.dat 128 984 Extragalactic supernovae. Catalogue sn_rem.dat 80 277 Extragalactic supernovae. Remarks sn_ref.dat 80 719 Extragalactic supernovae. References nl_ref.dat 80 2567 References for name lists nsv.dat 89 14811 *Suspected variables vartype.txt 80 918 Description of variability types
Note on crossid.dat: this file is Version 1.2; it replaced version 1.1 on 22 May 1999; further corrections applied on 16-Jun-1999. Note on nsv.dat: a newer version of this file is available in Cat. II/219
See also: II/195 : Namelists of variable stars II/219 : New Suspected Variable Stars Supplement (Kazarovets+ 1999) ftp://ftp.sai.msu.su/pub/groups/cluster/gcvs : Sternberg files http://www.sai.msu.su/groups/cluster/gcvs/gcvs/ : GCVS Database Byte-by-byte Description of file: gcvs.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 3 I3 --- Constell [1/88]Constellation numeric code 4- 7 I4 --- Number Star number within the constellation 8 A1 --- Component *Component identification 9- 18 A10 --- GCVS *Variable star designation 19 A1 --- NoteFlag *[*] Notes in published catalog 20- 21 I2 h RAh *? Hours RA, equinox 1950.0 22- 23 I2 min RAm *? Minutes RA, equinox 1950.0 24- 27 F4.1 s RAs *? Seconds RA, equinox 1950.0 28 A1 --- DE- *Sign Dec, equinox 1950.0 29- 30 I2 deg DEd *? Degrees Dec, equinox 1950.0 31- 32 I2 arcmin DEm *? Minutes Dec, equinox 1950.0 33- 34 I2 arcsec DEs *? Seconds Dec, equinox 1950.0 35 A1 --- u_DEs *[:*'] position accuracy flags 36- 45 A10 --- VarType *Type of variability 46 A1 --- l_magMax [<>(] ">" if magMax is a faint limit "<" if magMax is a bright limit "(" if magMax is an amplitude 47- 52 F6.3 mag magMax ? Magnitude at maximum brightness 53 A1 --- u_magMax Uncertainty flag (:) on magMax 54 A1 --- f_magMax [)] ")" if magMax is an amplitude 55 A1 --- l_magMin [<(] "<" if magMin is a bright limit "(" if magMin is an amplitude 57- 62 F6.3 mag magMin ? Minimum magnitude or amplitude 63 A1 --- u_magMin Uncertainty flag (:) on magMin 64 A1 --- n_magMin *Alternative photometric system for magMin 65 A1 --- f_magMin [)] ")" if magMin is an amplitude 66- 67 A2 --- magCode *The photometric system for magnitudes 68- 81 F14.6 d Epoch *? Epoch for maximum light, Julian days 82 A1 --- q_Epoch *[:±] Quality flag on Epoch 83- 86 I4 --- YearNova *?Year of outburst for nova 87 A1 --- l_Period *[<>(] Code for upper or lower limits 88-103 F16.10 d Period ? Period of the variable star 104 A1 --- u_Period Uncertainty flag (:) on Period 105-107 A3 --- n_Period *[*/N) ] Uncertainty notes on Period 108-110 A3 % M-m/D *Rising time (M-m) or duration of eclipse (D) 111 A1 --- u_M-m/D Uncertainty flag (:) on M-m/D 112 A1 --- n_M-m/D *[*] Note for eclipsing variable 113-129 A17 --- SpType Spectral type 130-134 A5 --- Ref1 *Reference to a study of the star 136-140 A5 --- Ref2 *Reference to a chart or photograph 142-155 A14 --- Exists *Cases of non-existence of the variable etc. 156-157 I2 h RA2000h ? Hours RA, equinox 2000.0 158-159 I2 min RA2000m ? Minutes RA, equinox 2000.0 160-163 F4.1 s RA2000s ? Seconds RA, equinox 2000.0 164 A1 --- DE2000- Sign Dec, equinox 2000.0 165-166 I2 deg DE2000d ? Degrees Dec, equinox 2000.0 167-168 I2 arcmin DE2000m ? Minutes Dec, equinox 2000.0 169-170 I2 arcsec DE2000s ? Seconds Dec, equinox 2000.0
Note on Component: designations of components of double/multiple stars: A,B; 1,2,3 ... (tau 1). Usually only one component of the binary is variable, but there exist two cases (CE Cas A,B; EQ Peg A,B) when both components are variable and enter the catalogue as separate lines. Note on GCVS: traditional transliterations of greek letters are used. Lower- and upper-case latin letters must be distinguished (e.g. u Her and U Her). Note on NoteFlag: see the document by Kholopov et al. (1985-1988). Note on RAh, RAm, RAs, DE-, DEd, DEm, DEs: the position is not listed when the variable is equivalent to another catalogued variable ("=" in column Exists, byte 142). Note on u_DEs: the real coordinates accuracy uses the symbols: (:) means right ascensions accurate to one second of time and declinations accurate to one tenth of an arcminute; (*) means declinations accurate to one arcminute. (') means right ascensions accurate to one minute of time and declinations accurate to one arcminute. Note on VarType: type of variability. The system of variable star classification corresponds to the GCVS4, with six additions (ZZO, AM, R, BE, LBV, BLBOO) introduced in the Name-Lists 67- 72 and in the GCVS vol.V (see file "vartype.txt"). Note on n_magMin: Code for alternative photometric system. Field is non-blank if magMin is a magnitude or amplitude given in a system other than that indicated by magCode. An asterisk in the corresponding position means the amplitude measured in white light. Note on magCode: the photometric system in which magMin and magMax are reported (see also Note on n_magMax, n_magMin). The main codes are P (photographic magnitudes) and V (visual, photovisual, or Johnson's V). See also the documents by Kholopov et al. (1985-1988) or Warren (1989). Several stars from the 68th Name-List have in these positions "1." designating the 1.04 micrometer band of the system introduced by G.W.Lockwood. The designations u,v,b,y refer to the Stroemgren system. The symbols "I" and "R" mean magnitudes in Cousins' I system. "g" designates magnitudes in the system of Thuan and Gunn; "T" stands for broad-band Tycho magnitudes formed from B and V measurements; "r" are red magnitudes not tied to a particular system. Note on Epoch, YearNova: Epochs are given for minimum light for all eclipsing and ellipsoidal variables, as well as for RV Tau and RS CVn types, and for maximum for all other types. This rule may occasionally be broken, but this is explained only in the remarks to the catalog, which are not available in machine-readable form at this time. The epochs are Julian dates. For novae (types N) and supernovae (types SN), the Epoch is completed by a year of outburst in the YearNova column. Note on q_Epoch: the following codes are used (see also note on Epoch) : ":" epoch is uncertain. "+" epoch may be later than that reported; "-" epoch may be earlier than that reported. Note on l_Period: the following codes are used: ">" or "<" if period is a lower or upper limit, respectively. "(": the period is the mean cycle time of a U Gem or recurrent nova (in this case, there is ")" in n_Period column) Note on n_Period: the following codes are used: "*N" if the period may be a multiple of the quoted value; "/N" if the period may be a fraction of the quoted value; ")" - see the note on l_Period. Note on M-m/D: this column holds the rising time (M-m) of intrinsic variables, or the duration of the eclipse (D) for eclipsing binaries. These values help to define the shape of the light curve. The value is given in percentage of the period of the star. Note on n_M-m/D: the "*" indicates that the duration of the light constancy phase at minimum light (d) for an eclipsing variable is equal to zero. Note on Ref1, Ref2: "00001" - if the main characteristics of the star were determined by the authors themselves. "00002" - "09148" - Vol. I GCVS (see Kholopov et al., 1985-1988). "09149" - "09558" - Vol. II GCVS "09559" - "10200" - Vol. III GCVS "V 001" - "V 554" - Vol. V GCVS (see file evs_ref.dat) "67001" - "73381" - Name-Lists Nos.67-73 (see file nl_ref.dat) If no chart is available for the variable, but the star is contained in one of the Durchmusterung catalogs or the Hubble Space Telescope Guide Star Catalog, the corresponding abbreviation (BD, CPD, CoD, GSC) is given. Note on Exists: the following codes are used in column Exists: "N" in byte 142 if the star does not exist. "=" in byte 142 appears in three cases. First, it is used if the variable is equivalent to another catalogued variable. In such case, after the "=" symbol, the alternative name of the variable follows, and all necessary information on the star is to be found under that alternative name. Second, it is used for all variables of the Name-Lists Nos.67-73, it is followed by the two-digit number of the Name-list and the four-digit number of the star in the Name-list, and the information for the star follows the format of the Name-lists (see above). Third, the "=" symbol may be followed by the star's name in the GCVS Vol. V (see the file evs_cat.dat). This means that the star enters also Vol. V, and the information of Vol. V makes it possible to improve the data of Vols. I-III. In this case, the symbol "*" in byte 153 means the presence of remarks in Vol. V; the symbol(s) "n" or "n:" in bytes 154-155 means that the star is nonmember (possible nonmember) of the galaxy in question.
Byte-by-byte Description of file: crossid.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 4 A4 --- Cat *Abbreviated name of catalog or list 6- 16 A11 --- Seq Star number or name in the respective catalog 18- 21 A4 --- m_Seq *Component designation 23- 34 A12 --- Vname *Designation in GCVS or NSV 35 A1 --- m_var *Component designation 36 A1 --- IDflag [:] Uncertainty flag on cross-identification.
Note on Cat: -------------------------------------------------------------------- ADS = R.G.Aitken, 'New General Catalouge of Double Stars', Carnegie Inst. of Washington Publ. no.417, vols.I, II, 1932 AN = Preliminary designations of variable stars introduced by the 'Astronomische Nachrichten' AS = P.W. Merrill, C.G.Burwell, 'Additional Stars whose Spectra have a Bright H Alpha Line', Astrophys. J. 112, 72, 1950 (=1950ApJ...112...72M); see also Astrophys. J. 113, 624, 1951 (=1951ApJ...113..624M) BAY = Bayer, list of those bright stars having designations by Greek letters in their constellations BD = Bonner Durchmusterung, F.W.A. Argelander, Bonner Sternverzeichniss, 1 bis 4 sektion, Astronomische Beobachtungen auf der Sternwarte de Kgl. Rhein/ Friedrich-Wilhelms-Unviersiaet zu Bonn (Catalogs I/119 and I/122) BS (HR) = D. Hoffleit, 'The Bright Star Catalogue', 4th Revised Ed., Yale University Observatory, New Haven, Conn. USA, 1982 (see catalog V/50) CoD = Cordoba Durchmusterung, J. M. Thome, Resultados del Observatorio Nacional Argentino 16 - 18; 21, 1892-1932 (catalog I/114) CPD = Cape Photographic Durchmusterung, D. GIll and J. C. Kapteyn, Ann. Cape Obs. 3-5, 1895 - 1900 (catalog I/108) CRL (AFGL) = Air Force Geophysics Laboratory. Four-Color Infrared Sky Survey (and supplement): S.D. Price and R.G. Walker - AFGL-TR-76-028 (Hanscom AFB, MA, Air Force Geophysics Lab., Air Force Systems Command, USAF, 1976; S.D. Price and T.L. Murdock - Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, AFGL-TR-83-0161 (see catalog II/94) EG = O.J. Eggen, J.L. Greenstein, 'Spectra, Colors, Luminosities, and Motions of the White Dwarfs', Astrophys. J. 141, 83 (1965ApJ...141...83E); additional stars in Astrophys. J. 142, 925 (1965ApJ...142..925E) and 150, 927 (1967ApJ...150..927E); more stars added by J.L. Greenstein, see references in McCook and Sion, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 65, 603 (1987ApJS...65..603M) FLM = Flamsteed, List of those bright stars having designations by number in their constellations G = H.L. Giclas, R. Burnham Jr., and N.G. Thomas, (Large Proper Motion Stars) - Publications of Lowell Obs., Flagstaff, Arizona, 1971 (Catalogs I/79 and I/112) GD = H.L. Giclas White Dwarfs (Lowell Obs.) Gl = W. Gliese, 'Catalogue of Nearby Stars', Veroeff. Astron. Rechen-Inst. Heidelberg nr.22, 1969; W. Gliese, H. Jahreiss, 'Nearby star data published 1969-1978', Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 38, 423 (1979A&AS...38..423G); see catalog V/70 HD = Henry Draper Catalogue - A.J. Cannon and E.C. Pickering, Havard Obs. Ann. 91 - 99, 1918-1924; A. J. Cannon, Harvard Obs. Ann. 100, 1925 - 1936; see catalog III/135 He = A number of lists of planetary nebulae and emission-line stars by K. Henize HII = E. Hertzsprung, 'Catalogue de 3259 Etoiles dans les Pleiades', Ann. Sterrewacht Leiden, 19, pt. 1A, 1947 HRC = G.H. Herbig, N.K. Rao, 'Second Catalog of Emission-line Stars of the Orion Population', Astrophys. J. 174, 401 (1972ApJ...174..401H); G.H. Herbig, K.R. Bell, 'Third Catalog of Emission-Line Stars of the Orion Population', Lick Obs. Bull. no. 1111, 1988 (catalog V/73) HV = Harvard variables IRC = G. Neugebauer, R.B. Leighton, 'Two-Micron Sky Survey, A Preliminary Catalog', NASA SP-3047, 1969; catalog II/2 LH = Lick H Alpha: A number of lists of emission-line stars by G.H. Herbig MH = Mount Wilson H-Alpha Stars, see references for MWC and AS MWC = P.W. Merrill, C.G. Burwell, 'Catalogue and Bibliography of Stars of Classes B and A Whose Spectra have Bright Hydrogen Lines', Astrophys. J. 78, 87 (1933ApJ....78...87M) (Mount Wilson Catalogue); Supplements: Astrophys. J. 98, 153 (1943ApJ....98..153M); 110, 387 (1949ApJ...110..387M) OH = OH sources designated by their galactic coordinates Par = A List of Stars in the Region of the Orion Nebula (P.P. Parenago, Sternberg Inst. Publ. vol. 25, 1954; catalog II/171) PG = Palomar-Green survey S = Preliminary designations of variables discovered at Sonneberg Observatory SAO = 'Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog', parts I-IV, Smithsonian Inst. Washington, 1966 (catalog I/131) SVS = Soviet Variable Stars (preliminary designations of Soviet-discovered variables) VV = Vatican variable stars WD = G.P. Mc Cook, E.M. Sion, 'Catalog of Spectroscopically Identified White Dwarfs', Astrophys. J. Suppl. 65, 603 (1987ApJS...65..603M); see catalog III/129. WR = K.A. van der Hucht et al. 'The Sixth Catalogue of Galactic Wolf-Rayet Stars, Their Past and Present', Space Sci. Rev. 28, 227, 1981 (Catalog III/85) -------------------------------------------------------------------- Note on m_Seq, m_Variable: Designations of components of double/multiple stars: A,B,C ...; a,b,c ...; 1,2,3 ...; the symbols P = preceding, F = following, N = northern, S = southern may also appear. In the cases of ADS 03201 and ADS 03202 the symbols k1 and k2 mean kappa 1 and kappa 2, respectively. Note on Vname: name of the object in the GCVS, its Volume V, or the NSV. Lower- and upper-case latin letters must be distinguished (e.g. u Her and U Her).
Byte-by-byte Description of file: evs_cat.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 3 I3 --- GalNo *[89/123] Galaxy code 4- 7 I4 --- VarNo *Variable star number within the galaxy 9- 20 A12 --- Name *Variable star designation 21 A1 --- RemFlag [*] indicates a remark in file evs_rem.dat 22- 23 I2 h RAh *Right ascension, equinox 1950.0 24- 25 I2 min RAm (minutes) 26- 30 F5.2 s RAs (seconds) 31 A1 --- DE- sign of declination, 1950.0 32- 33 I2 deg DEd *Declination, equinox 1950.0 34- 35 I2 arcmin DEm (arc minutes) 36- 39 F4.1 arcsec DEs (arc seconds) 40 A1 --- u_DEs *[":*!] accuracy flags 41- 48 A8 --- VarType *Type of variability 49- 53 F5.2 mag magMax ?Magnitude at maximum brightness 54 A1 --- u_magMax Uncertainty flag (:) on magMax 55 A1 --- l_magMin *[<(] magMin is an upper limit or amplitude 56- 60 F5.2 mag magMin *?Magnitude at minimum brightness, or amplitude 61 A1 --- u_magMin Uncertainty flag (:) on magMin 62 A1 --- n_magMin *[)] ")" if magMin is an amplitude 63 A1 --- magCode *Code for photometric system 64- 77 F14.6 d Epoch *?Epoch 78 A1 --- u_Epoch Uncertainty flag on Epoch 79 A1 --- l_P *[(] '(' for U Gem 80- 92 F13.8 d P *?Period 93 A1 --- u_P Uncertainty flag (:) on P 94 A1 --- n_P *[)] ')' for U Gem 95- 96 I2 % M-m/D *?M-m or D 97 A1 --- u_M-m/D Uncertainty flag (:) on M-m/D 98 A1 --- n_M-m/D *[*] Note for eclipsing variable 99-104 A6 --- SpType *Spectrum 106-108 A3 --- evsRef1 Reference for study of the star, see file evs_ref.dat 109-111 A3 --- evsRef2 Reference for chart or photograph, see file evs_ref.dat 113-126 A14 --- Desig1 designation in paper Ref1 127-138 A12 --- Desig2 designation in paper Ref2 139-146 A8 --- VarName Designation in gcvs.dat or nsv.dat 148-149 A2 --- nonMem *[n: ] Non-member note 150-153 I4 yr YearNova *? Year of outburst 154 A1 --- u_YearNova [:] Uncertainty flag on YearNova
Note on GalNo: Code identifying the galaxy. This numbering system begins with 089, the first 88 codes being reserved for constellations (cf. catalog II/139). Note that NGC 1466 is a globular cluster (not a galaxy) between the LMC and the SMC; we presented it separately, because it is not clear to which galaxy to attribute its variable stars. Note on VarNo: variable star No within the galaxy. Number of the variable star in the galaxy. If in the literature for the considered galaxy there exist several different variable star numbering systems, we have introduced new numbers in the order of increasing right ascension for the equinox 1950.0. But if the variable star numbering system for the galaxy is practically of general use, we have retained it - if necessary, with additional numbers ordered by increasing right ascension. Note on Name: Variable star Designation. The name of the variable in the adopted system of variable star designations: name of the galaxy + "V" + variable star No. within the galaxy (see column VarNo) Note on RAh, DEd: If the star's coordinates are only roughly known, they are nevertheless formally presented to one second of time in right ascension (with the decimal point following) and to one arcsecond in declination (with the decimal point following). See column u_DEs which indicates the real accuracy. Note on u_DEs: the real coordinates accuracy uses the symbols: (") means right ascensions accurate to one second of time and declinations accurate to one arcsecond; (:) means declinations accurate to one tenth of an arcminute; (*) means declinations accurate to one arcminute. (!) for V0474 in the Sculptor system, the listed coordinates refer to the galaxy's center since the coordinates of the star itself are unknown. Note on VarType: type of variability. The classification systems corresponds to the GCVS vols. I-III (catalog II/139), with the addition of the new "BLBOO" type, called after the prototype star BL Boo = NGC 5466 V19 referring to the so-called "anomalous Cepheids", i.e. stars with periods characteristic of comparatively long-period RRAB variables, but considerably brighter by luminosity. There are also suspected variables designated by the symbol "var:". Note on l_magMin, magMin, n_magMin: minMag contains the minimum brightness, or the variability amplitude instead (in brackets, i.e. l_magMin='(' and n_magMin=')'). (<) means that minMag is an upper limit (light) Note on magCode: designation of the photometric band. P means photographic magnitudes, V means visual or photovisual magnitudes as well as V system magnitudes. In the latter case, they are usually distinguishable from visual magnitudes by the number of digits after the decimal point (as a rule, V system magnitudes are based upon photoelectric or CCD photometry). Letters U, B, R, I, J, H, K, L, M, N, O, Q mean, as a rule, magnitudes expressed in corresponding systems of broad-band photometry. Note on Epoch, YearNova: The epoch expressed as Julian Date. For eclipsing and ellipsoidal variables, RV Tau and RS CVn stars, the catalogue gives epochs of minimum light, and for the rest of variables, epoch of maximum light. For novae (types N) and supernovae (types SN), the Epoch is completed by a year of outburst (YearNova column). Note on l_P, P, l_P, n_P: For U Gem stars and recurrent novae, the P column gives (in brackets) the mean cycle value, if known. Note on M-m/D, n_M-m/D: Duration of light increase from minimum to maximum (M-m) for intrinsic variable stars or the eclipse duration (D) for Algol type variables are expressed in hundredths of the photometric period for the star in question. An asterisk (*) in n_M-m/D means, for an eclipsing variable, that the duration of the constant brightness phase in minimum (d) for this star is equal to zero. Note on SpType: If there exist several spectral type determinations for a star, we preferred more recent ones, taking into account reliability of each determination. We converted symbols "d" (dwarfs) and "g" (giants) into luminosity classes V and III. If a nova showed spectral features typical of novae during or after the outburst, a symbol (NOVA) is given in this column. If the spectrum shows features characteristic of U Gem variables, this column contains the symbol (UG). Continuous spectrum is designated "cont", the symbol "e" means emission spectrum, lower case letters "ea", "eb" in this column stand for "e alpha", "e beta". For RR Lyrae stars, spectral types from hydrogen lines are given. A plus sign (+) between two spectral type values means that spectra of two components of a spectroscopic binary are observed. Two spectral type values separated with a minus sign (-) mean the range of spectral type variations in the process of brightness changes. Note on nonMem: Symbols "n" or "n:" for nonmembers (possible nonmembers) of the galaxy in question. For the stars that enter the GCVS vols. I-III (file gcvs.dat) or the NSV catalogue (file "nsv.dat") and are not members of the corresponding galaxy, the present volume gives only the running number, coordinates, the symbol "n", and the GCVS or NSV name.
Byte-by-byte Description of file: evs_rem.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 12 A12 --- Name *Variable star designation 14- 82 A69 --- Text Text of remark
Note on Name: When more than one line is required, this field is repeated.
Byte-by-byte Description of file: evs_ref.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 3 A3 --- evsRef Reference number, repeated if more than 1 line 4 A1 --- --- [.] Period ending number 6- 80 A75 --- Text Text of reference
Byte-by-byte Description of file: sn_cat.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 6 A6 --- SN Supernova designation 7 A1 --- n_SN [-?] Doubtful (?), or rejected (-) SN 8 A1 --- RemFlag [*] The '*' indicates a remark in sn_rem.dat 10- 19 A10 --- Gal *Parent galaxy designation 21- 22 I2 h RAh ?RA 1950 (hours) of Parent galaxy 23- 24 I2 min RAm ?Right Ascension 1950 (minutes) 25- 28 F4.1 s RAs ?Right Ascension 1950 (seconds) 29 A1 --- DE- Declination 1950 (sign) 30- 31 I2 deg DEd ?Declination Deg. 1950 of Parent galaxy 32- 33 I2 arcmin DEm ?Declination 1950 (minutes) 34- 35 I2 arcsec DEs ?Declination 1950 (seconds) 36 A1 --- u_DEs *[":'] Accuracy flags 37- 42 A6 --- MType Type of the parent galaxy 43- 47 F5.2 mag BT ?Integrated magnitude of parent galaxy 48 A1 --- u_BT [: ]Uncertainty flag (:) on BT 49 A1 --- n_BT [BJV] Band indicator, blank for photographic 51- 58 A8 --- maxDate *Date of the SN's maximum or of discovery 60- 64 F5.2 mag magMax ?Magnitude at maximum (light) of SN 65 A1 --- u_magMax [: ]Uncertainty flag (:) on magMax 66 A1 --- n_magMax [BJVRIKr] Band indicator, blank for photographic 67 A1 --- f_magMax *[*] '*' if maximum not observed 69- 73 F5.1 arcsec dRA *?Distance of SN from galaxy nucleus 74- 75 A2 --- oRA [NSEW:? ] Orientation of dRA 77- 81 F5.1 arcsec dDE *?Distance of SN from galaxy nucleus 82- 83 A2 --- oDE [NSEW:? ] Orientation of dDE 84- 85 I2 h RASN.h ?Right Ascension 1950 (hours) of SN 86- 87 I2 min RASN.m ?Right Ascension 1950 (minutes) 88- 91 F4.1 s RASN.s ?Right Ascension 1950 (seconds) 92 A1 --- DESN.- Declination 1950 (sign) 93- 94 I2 deg DESN.d ?Declination 1950 (degrees) of SN 95- 96 I2 arcmin DESN.m ?Declination 1950 (minutes) 97- 98 I2 arcsec DESN.s ?Declination 1950 (seconds) 99 A1 --- u_DESN.s *[":'] accuracy flags on SN position 100-105 A6 --- SNType *SN classification 107-122 A16 --- Discov *Name of the SN discoverer 123-125 A3 --- snRef1 *Reference for study of the star 126-128 A3 --- snRef2 *Reference for chart or photograph
Note on Gal: "N" means NGC catalogue numbers, "I" refers to the IC catalogue, "U" to the UGC catalogue, "M" to the MCG catalogue, "E" to ESO survey lists. "An" means an anonymous galaxy "Intergal" is for cases when the supernova cannot be reliably attributed to a particular galaxy and is considered intergalactic. Note on u_DEs, u_DESN.s: The real coordinates accuracy is denoted by (") means right ascensions accurate to one second of time and declinations accurate to one arcsecond; (:) means declinations accurate to one tenth of an arcminute; (') means declinations accurate to one arcminute. Note on maxDate, f_magMax: The date of the SN's maximum or of discovery, or of an isolated observation at high brightness. If maxDate or f_magMax contains an asterisk (*), it means that the date and/or the magnitude refer not to the maximum (not covered with observations), but to the EPOCH OF DISCOVERY or to an isolated observation at high brightness. As a rule, information about maxima was not included if it was based on considerable extrapolation. Note on dRA: In line 393, 1970K, the offset is 0.3E Note on dDE: In line 732, 1988T, the offset is 0.4N Note on SNType: Limited to types I (I-A, I-B) and II (II-l, II-pl), with possible indications of peculiarities (pec). Note on Discov: In case of several discoverers, the name of the first author of the discovery is given followed by "+" symbol. As a rule, information on independent rediscoveries is not presented in the remarks, for the sake of brevity. The abbreviation "BASST" in this column means that the supernova was discovered by the Berkeley Automated Supernova Search Team. Note on snRef1 and snRef2: See file sn_ref.dat
Byte-by-byte Description of file: sn_rem.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 6 A6 --- SN Supernova designation, repeated if more than 1 line 7 A1 --- n_SN [-?] Doubtful (?), or rejected (-) SN 9- 80 A72 --- Text Text of remarks
Byte-by-byte Description of file: sn_ref.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 3 A3 --- snRef Reference number, repeated if more than 1 line 4 A1 --- --- [. ] Period following Reference number 6- 80 A75 --- Text Text of reference
Byte-by-byte Description of file: nl_ref.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- NLnum Name-List number 3- 5 A3 --- Ref *Reference number 7- 80 A74 --- Text Text of reference
Note on Ref: In the present version the authors attempted to give Latin transliterations of Russian-language names of astronomical periodicals and books. They did not try to unify the Latin spelling of names with Cyrillic (or other) original forms, but simply tried to reproduce the Latin transcriptions in the publications referred to. Of course this may lead to some confusion, hopefully minor. If a paper enters lists of references of several Name-Lists, it appears several times in the present version.
Byte-by-byte Description of file: nsv.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 5 I5 --- NSV NSV number 6 A1 --- NSVLetter *NSV letter suffix 7 A1 --- u_NSV [-]Dubitancy flag if a star's variability seems doubtful or erroneous to the catalog compilers 8 A1 --- NoteFlag1 *[*] Notes in published catalog 9- 10 I2 h RAh *?Hours RA, equinox 1950.0 11- 12 I2 min RAm *?Minutes RA, equinox 1950.0 13- 16 F4.1 s RAs *?Seconds RA, equinox 1950.0 17 A1 --- DE- *Sign Dec, equinox 1950.0 18- 19 I2 deg DEd *?Degrees Dec, equinox 1950.0 20- 21 I2 arcmin DEm *?Minutes Dec, equinox 1950.0 22- 23 I2 arcsec DEs *?Seconds Dec, equinox 1950.0 24 A1 --- u_DEs *[:*] accuracy flags 25- 29 A5 --- VarType *Type of variability 31- 35 F5.2 mag magMax *?Magnitude at maximum brightness 36 A1 --- u_magMax [:]Uncertainty flag on magMax 38- 39 A2 --- l_magMin [><(] "<" if magMin is a bright limit "(" if magMin is an amplitude; with "><" prefix, the amplitude in the table is a lower or upper limit. 40- 45 F6.3 mag magMin *?Minimum magnitude or amplitude 46- 47 A2 --- u_magMin [st:] a light amplitude is reported for the minimum and it is given in steps Uncertainty flag (:) on magMin 48 A1 --- f_magMin [)] ")" if magMin is an amplitude 49 A1 --- magCode *The photometric system for magnitudes 51- 57 A7 --- Ref1 *Reference to a study of the star see the document by Kukarkin et al.(1982) 59- 67 A9 --- Desig *Designation in paper Ref1 69- 70 A2 --- SpType *Spectral type 72- 77 A6 --- Ref2 *Chart reference see the document by Kukarkin et al.(1982) 79- 88 A10 --- VarName *Designation in GCVS 89 A1 --- NoteFlag2 [*] Notes in catalog GCVS Vol.V
Note on NSVLetter: The letter "A" is present for one star, NSV 10360A, which is a completely different object from NSV 10360. Note on NoteFlag1: See the document by Kukarkin et al.(1982). There are several data fields that can contain asterisks. These signify that more complete information will be found in the remarks to the published catalog. The remarks are, unfortunately, not machine readable, but they do contain much supplemental information. There, one will find information covering situations like, e.g.: 1. The discoverer of the light variability is not the author of the paper cited in the variability reference, or is one of several authors of the paper cited. In these cases, discoverers' names are given in italics in original transcriptions of the remarks. 2. The most important additional information about a star, although the NSV compilers did not intend to present complete bibliographies for any catalogued stars. 3. Remarks for visual binaries (in parentheses following the number of a star in the corresponding catalog) giving visual magnitudes for the individual components A and B, angular separations, and position angles for faint components (or semimajor axis of a relative orbit and period of orbital motion). Data for other components are then given where applicable. (Combined magnitudes are generally reported in the machine-readable table.) Note on RAh, RAm, RAs, DE-, DEd, DEm, DEs: The position is not listed when the variable is equivalent to a GCVS star (column VarName). Note on u_DEs: The actual accuracy of coordinates is indicated with the symbols: (:) means right ascensions accurate to one second of time and declinations accurate to one tenth of an arcminute; (*) means declinations accurate to one arcminute. Note on VarType: type of variability. The system of variable star classification corresponds to the GCVS4 (see file "vartype.txt"). Note on magMax, magMin: Magnitudes are reported to hundredths if the observations are photoelectric, to tenths or whole magnitudes if they are not. If only an amplitude has been measured photoelectrically, then the maximum magnitude is generally given to tenths only and the minimum is reported to hundredths. Note on magCode: The photometric system in which magMin and magMax are reported (see also Note on n_magMax, n_magMin). The main codes are P (photographic magnitudes) and V (visual, photovisual, or Johnson's V). Note on Ref1: Usually a 6-digit number coding, as a rule, the reference to the announcement of the discovery of variability. The first two digits give the year (in the 20th century) when the announcement was published (blank for the 19th century). The next four digits give the number in the list of references contained in the published catalog, which is generally the first publication announcing the possible variability. The numbers are followed by a letter code in most cases (byte 57) with the following meanings: K: the cited paper contains a chart or photograph of the field with the suspected variable marked. D: the cited paper does not contain a chart, but the star is catalogued in one of the Durchmusterungen (DM) (BD,CD,CPD). Note on Desig: The identification of the suspected variable in the paper referenced above. DM numbers are given without a prefix, the standard naming convention of "The Henry Draper Catalogue" being used (BD for zones +89 to -22; CD for -23 to -51; CP for -52 to -89). Some identifications are given by coordinate designations, a 6-digit number consisting of hours, minutes, and seconds (or tenths of a minute) of time and degrees of declination with sign included. An asterisk (*) signifies that a designation is given in the remarks to the published catalog. Stars are sometimes designated with numbers from the catalogs of Zinner (ZI, 1929) and Prager (PR, 1934, 1937) because the original discovery publications were not available to the NSV compilers. The catalogs of Zinner and Prager give detailed references to early observations of such stars. Note on SpType: Temperature classes and subclasses only are given. Most luminosity classes are III to V, but if a star is a supergiant, more detailed classification information is given in the remarks to the published catalog. The following symbols are used: AF A-F AM Am AP Ap BE Be E emission spectrum EA e sub alpha EV variable emission in spectrum FG F-G KM K-M OF Of PD Pd T characteristics of T Tauri stars Note on Ref2: The coding for the numbers is similar to that used in the variability references described above, except that there are no letter codes. These are references to papers containing identification charts if no charts are given in the papers cited for the variability references. Note on VarName: 1) The alternative name of the variable. All necessary information on the star is to be found under that alternative name, in the gcvs.dat file. 2) The star's name in the GCVS Vol. V (see the file v.zip, where the explanation of the designations is also given). In this case, the symbol "*" in column 89 means the presence of remarks in Vol. V.
Acknowledgement: The ADC thanks Drs. Samus and Durlevich for providing us with the up-to-date, machine-readable version of the GCVS and the Name Lists. This ReadMe is based on the one prepared by them and the four *.txt. History of the Machine-Readable Catalogs: This catalogue gathers the files previously numbered II/139 (GCVS4, vols I-III), II/172 (GCVS4, vol, IV), II/205 (GCVS4, vol. V), II/140 (New Suspected Variables), and II/195 (Name-Lists). Catalogues II/139 and II/140 were first documented by Warren (1988, 1989); the documentation for the catalogues II/172 and II/205 was prepared by N.N. Samus and O.V. Durlevich (Moscow), with F. Ochsenbein (CDS). The first version of this Combined Catalogue (September 1997) was prepared by N. Roman (ADC) with the help of N.N. Samus and O.V. Durlevich (Moscow). The second version of this Combined Catalogue (August 1998), which incorporates the 73rd Name-List of Variable Stars and improved equatorial positions in Andromeda, Antlia and Apus, was prepared by N.N. Samus and O.V. Durlevich. Files were slightly reformatted at CDS (F. Ochsenbein) to have searchable epochs. The version 1.2 of the file "crossid.dat" was included on 22 May 1999. A further correction (QW Nor = NSV 7374 instead of NSV 7334) was applied on 16-Jun-1999 at CDS (message from N.N. Samus to F. Ochsenbein) Acknowledgements in original documents: The computer-readable version of the Name-List files has been compiled by O.V. Durlevich, N.A.Gorynya, E.V.Kazarovets, and N.N. Samus, with the assistance of E.N.Pastukhova. We wish to thank O.Yu.Malkov for his kind consultations during the preparation of the first computer-readable version of Name-Lists. Thanks are due to S.V. Antipin for his assistance during GSC identifications and positional determinations. The crossid.dat was supported in part by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant 95-02-05189) and by the Federal Program 'Astronomy' (grant 93-3-182). The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the work on variable star catalogues by the International Astronomical Union until 1994. The final stage of the work on evs*.dat and sn*.dat was also supported by the European Southern Observatory (grant ESO C&EE A-02-047). The variable star studies were also sponsored through a grant of the Russian Federation programme "Astronomy". The authors are grateful to the American Association of Variable Star Observers who provided a grant for us in 1994. The printing of the book version was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. The Sternberg Institute part of the author team is grateful for the grant supplied through the program "Universities of Russia" in 1993. They wish to thank all astronomers who sent us their results prior to publication, gave us good advice, helped practically or with ideas. We would like to thank specially Drs. S.V. Antipin, V.P. Arkhipova, M. Bessell, Yu.N. Efremov, M.P. Galkina, Sh. Hughes, K.V. Kuimov, V.G. Kurt, T. Lloyd Evans, C. Lopez, R.I. Noskova, A.S. Sharov, Yu.A. Shokin, D.Yu. Tsvetkov, A.V. Zharov, A.V. Zharova. Authors' addresses: N.N. Samus [Moscow Inst. Astron.] O.V. Durlevich [Sternberg Astron. Inst., Moscow] References: Aitken, R. G. 1932, "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 120 Degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington Pub. 417 (Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington). Argelander, F. 1859-62, "Bonner Sternverzeichnis. Erste bis dritte Sektion", Astronomischen Beobachtungen auf der Sternwarte der Koeniglichen Rhein. (Cat. I/122) Artiukhina N.M., Durlevich O.V., Frolov M.S., Goranskij V.P., Gorynya N.A., Karitskaya E.A., Kazarovets E.V., Kholopov P.N., Kireeva N.N., Kurochkin N.E., Lipunova N.A., Medvedeva G.I., Pastukhova E.N., Samus N.N., Tsvetkova T.M., 1995, General Catalogue of Variable Stars, 4rd ed., vol.V. Extragalactic Variable Stars, "Kosmosinform", Moscow Cannon, A. J. and Pickering, E. C. 1918-1924, "The Henry Draper Catalogue", Ann. Astron. Obs. Harvard College 91-99. (Cat. III/135) Dreyer, J. L. E. 1888, "New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars", Mem. Roy. Astron. Soc. 49, Part I (reprinted 1962, London: Royal Astronomical Society) (see Cat. VII/1) Durlevich O.V., Frolov M.S., Kazarovets E.V., Samus N.N, 1996, Bull. Inf. CDS 48, 35 Durlevich O.V., Frolov M.S., Kazarovets E.V., Samus N.N., 1994, The list of errors in the GCVS, 4th edition. I. Volumes I-III, Bull. Inf. CDS, 45, 19 Gill, D. and Kapteyn, J. C. 1895-1900, "Cape Photographic Durchmusterung, Ann. Cape Obs." 3 (1895, Part I: zones -18 to -37); 4 (1897, Part II: zones -38 to -52); 5 (1900, Part III: zones -53 to -89; Cat. I/108). Hoffleit, D. (with the collaboration of Jaschek, C.) 1982, "The Bright Star Catalogue" (New Haven: Yale University Observatory; see Cat. V/50). Kazarovets E.V., Samus N.N., Goranskij V.P., 1993IBVS.3840....1K Kazarovets E.V., Samus N.N., 1995IBVS.4140....1K Kholopov P.N., Samus N.N., Durlevich O.V., Kazarovets E.V., Kireeva N.N., Tsvetkova T.M., 1990, General Catalogue of Variable Stars, 4rd ed., vol.IV(Moscow, Nauka Publishing House, Cat. II/205) Kholopov P.N., Samus N.N., Durlevich O.V., Kazarovets E.V., Kireeva N.N., Tsvetkova T.M., 1992, Bull. Inf. CDS, 40, 15. Kholopov P.N., Samus N.N., Frolov M.S., Goranskij V.P., Gorynya N.A., Karitskaya E.A., Kazarovets E.V., Kireeva N.N., Kukarkina N.P., Kurochkin N.E., Medvedeva G.I., Pastukhova E.N., Perova N.B., Rastorguev A.S., Shugarov S.Yu., 1985 -- 1988, General Catalogue of Variable Stars, 4rd ed., vols. I -- III, Nauka, Moscow; Cat. II/139. Kuestner, F. 1903, "Bonner Durchmusterung des Noerdlichen Himmels, zweite berichtigte Auflage", Bonn Universitats Sternwarte. (Cat. I/122) New Catalogue of Suspected Variable Stars, Kukarkin B.V., Kholopov P.N., Artiukhina N.M., Fedorovich V.P., Frolov M.S., Goranskij V.P., Gorynya N.A., Karitskaya E.A., Kireeva N.N., Kukarkina N.P., Kurochkin N.E., Medvedeva G.I., Perova N.B., Ponomareva G.A., Samus N.N., and Shugarov S.Yu. 1982, Moscow: Nauka Publishing House Office. (Cat. II/140) Kukarkin, B. V., Kholopov, P. N., Efremov, Yu. N., and Kurochkin, N. E. 1965, "Second Catalogue of Stars Suspected of Variability" (Moscow: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.). Kukarkin, B. V., Parenago, P. P., Efremov, Yu. N., and Kholopov, P. N. 1951, "Catalogue of Stars Suspected of Variability" (Moscow: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.). Neugebauer, G. and Leighton, R. B. 1969, "Two-Micron Sky Survey, A Preliminary Catalog", NASA SP-3047 (Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration; cat. II/2). Parenago, P. P. 1954, Trudy Sternberg Astron. Inst. No. 25. Prager, R. 1934, Ergaenz. Astron. Nachr. 9, No. 3. Prager, R. 1937, Ergaenz. Astron. Nachr. 10, No. 1. Schoenfeld, E. 1886, "Bonner Sternverzeichniss" , Vierte Sektion, Astronomische Beobachtungen auf der Sternwarte der Koeniglichen Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat zu Bonn 8, Part IV (Bonn: Adolph Marcus; cat. I/119). Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Staff 1966, "Star Catalog. Positions and Proper Motions of 258,997 Stars for the Epoch and Equinox of 1950.0", Publ. of the Smithsonian Institution of Washington, D.C., No. 4652 (Washington: Smithsonian Institution); see cat. I/131 Sulentic, J. W. and Tifft, W. G. 1973, "The Revised New General Catalogue of Nonstellar Astronomical Objects" (Tucson: The University of Arizona Press); cat. VII/1. Thome, J. M. 1892-1932, "Cordoba Durchmusterung, Resultados del Observatorio Nacional Argentino" 16 (1892, Part I: -22 to -32 Degrees), 17 (1894, Part II: -32 to -42 Degrees), 18 (1900, Part III: -42 to -52 Degrees), 21 (Part I) (1914, Part IV, -52 to -62 Degrees), 21 (Part II) (1932, Part V: -61 to -90 Degrees); cat. I/114. Warren, W.H., Jr. 1988, "New Catalogue of Suspected Variable Stars", Documentation for the Machine-Readable Version, NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S 88-24. Warren, W.H., Jr. 1989, "General Catalogue of Variable Stars", 4th edition, Documentation for the Machine-Readable Version, NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S 88-23 Zinner, E. 1929, Ergaenz. Astron. Nachr. 8, No. 1.
(End) N.N. Samus, O.V. Durlevich [Moscow Inst.], F. Ochsenbein [CDS] 21-Apr-1999
|The document above follows the rules of the Standard Description for Astronomical Catalogues.From this documentation it is possible to generate f77 program to load files into arrays or line by line|