The USNO-B Catalog presents positions, proper motions,
magnitudes un blue, red and infrared, as well as star/galaxy estimators
for 1,045,175,762 objects derived from 3,648,832,040 separate observations.
The data were taken from scans of 7,435 Schmidt plates
taken from various sky surveys during the last 50 years.
USNO-B1.0 catalog was created by Dave Monet and collaborators
Note that the star/galaxy estimators may be mixed up
in dense regions.
The Naval Observatory Merged Astrometric Dataset (NOMAD) contains
astrometric and photometric data for over 1 billion stars derived from
the Hipparcos (I/239), Tycho-2 (I/259), UCAC2 (I/289), and USNO-B1.0
(I/284) catalogs for astrometry and optical photometry, supplemented
by 2MASS (II/246) near-infrared photometry.
An efficient remote query program findnomad1 is
available in the cdsclient
package, for Unix/Linux platforms
Note: SDSS is also available from http://www.sdss3.org/dr9/